熟悉这些因果关系的句子,下笔速度增加一倍!

有时候我观察学生写作文挺有趣的。看到题目不知道写什么,我就和他们说观点。

说完观点他们不知道怎么表达,就和他们说词伙。

说完词伙,他们还是磨磨蹭蹭的,原来是不知道怎么连接。

其实,雅思大部分句子都是有一定的逻辑因果关系,大家要熟悉一些表示因果关系的句子。

基础弱的同学,首先,要写会简单句。譬如说,上过大学,就可以找好的工作。

Young people attend university. (主谓宾结构)

They can find jobs easily. (主谓宾结构)

 

然后通过下面这些连接的方法给连接起来。

 

1 状语从句(if, when+原因, 结果)

If Young people attend university, they can find jobs easily.

 

2 状语从句(结果,as, because, since+原因)逻辑关系要比较强烈。

Young people can find jobs easily because they acquire skills at university. (要说他们获得技能,才可以上大学)

 

3 状语从句(原因,so结果)

Young people can acquire skills at university so they can find jobs easily.

 

4 副词(原因; therefore, as a result, as a consequence, because of this, for this reason 结果)(注:这时候记得,这些词前面要加分号)

Young people can acquire skills at university; therefore, they can find jobs easily.

 

5 并列句 (并列句一般前面是原因,后面是结果,但是因果关系不强烈)

Young people can acquire skills at university and find jobs easily in the future.

 

定语从句在句子前表示原因

Young people who acquire skills at university can find jobs easily in the future.

 

定语从句在句子后表示结果 (这时候一定要注意从句的主语是前面句子最后一个单词)

Young people can attent university to acquire skills, which can improve their job prospects.

 

8 by+something or doing something 表示手段,也就是原因 by+原因, 结果)

By acquiring skills at university, young people can find jobs easily in the future.

 

9 in order to, to表示结果或者目的

Young people attend university in order to find jobs easily in the future.

 

10 名词性从句 this means that, the consequence is that, this explains why+结果)

Young people have chosen to attend university.This means that they can acquire skills to find jobs easily.

 

大家现在练习一下这两个句子:

政府要立法,这样人们才不会乱扔垃圾。

政府要立法,这样人们才不会乱扔垃圾。

Governments should enforce some laws.

People will not drop litter carelessly.

 

1 状语从句(if, when

If the government introduces some laws,people will not drop litter.

 

2 状语从句(as, because, since)逻辑关系要比较强烈。

People do not drop litter now because governments have enforced  some laws to punish such behaviour.

 

3 状语从句(so

Governments have passed some laws,so people do not drop litter cnow.

 

4 副词(therefore, as a result, as a consequence, because of this, for this reason

Governments should introduce some laws;therefore people will not drop litter.

 

5 并列句 (并列句一般前面是原因,后面是结果,但是因果关系不强烈)

Governments can enact some laws and people will not drop litter.

 

6 定语从句在句子前表示原因

Governments who should lay some laws can avoid people from droping litter carelessly. (不能使用,因为两个句子主语不同)

 

定语从句在句子后表示结果 (这时候一定要注意从句的主语是前面句子最后一个单词)

Governments can enforce some laws,shich can stop people from droping litter.

 

8 by+something or doing something 表示手段,也就是原因

By enforcing strict laws, the government can stop people from droping litter.

 

9 in order to, to表示结果或者目的

Governments have passed some laws in order to prevent people from dropping litter.

 

10 名词性从句 this means that, the consequence is that, this explains why

Governments have made some laws.This explains why people have stopped dropping litter.

 


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