GRA:18个写作和口语必备句型

写在前面


在上面授班的时候,我发现输出难是比较普遍的问题。学生要么没东西说,要么有东西,但是不知道怎么表达。


一方面是词伙的缺乏;

另一方面,即便有词伙,因为中英转化的问题,学生往往词伙记得用,用的方式也不对。


譬如说:人们上班很容易。

很多学生首先不知道上班怎么说。

有些人知道是travel to work, commute to work, 但是因为中英结构的差异,他如果说people travel to work easier. people are easier to travel to work,都是错的。


因此,我总结了写作和口语必备的18个句型和表达,学生熟练使用即可。这个对于基础弱的学生培养基本的语感很有帮助。




句型一

Have a negative/adverse/notable/damaging/ opposite effect on ...

Have a beneficial/positive effect on ... 

Have a positive/significant impact on…

Make a huge difference to

Have a bearing on 


使用规则

Effect一般的影响比较短暂,

impact一般是持续的影响。



句型二

It is appropriate/acceptable/difficult/easy/important/possible/necessary/common /unnecessary/ counterproductive for sb. to do sth.


使用规则

it is important for somebody to do something,somebody是do something的逻辑主语。

譬如, 如果你翻译“教小孩礼貌很重要”,

It is important for children to teach good manners是错的。

因为小孩不是教good manners,而是家长教,所以要写成it is important for parents to teach children good manners.




句型三

Something enable/allow/prompt/cause/require /encourage/forbid/force sb. to do sth.

Help  somebody (to) do something


使用规则

to do的to不能省略,

而help somebody do something是一个例外。

enable,prompt, encourage, allow一般都用于写比较正面和积极的东西




句型四

Be important/beneficial/essential/vital/critical/valuable to somebody

Be harmful/detrimental to something

Be of importance, benefit, value to


注意事项

Vital,critical, essential程度比较高,谨慎使用。




句型五

pose a threat to

present a challenge to

cause damage to


使用规则

To是介词




句型六

choose/decide/fail/intend/tend/prefer/want/seek/attempt/try to do something.


注意事项

这些词前面不能加are, is或者其他be动词。




句型七

Something has made it difficult/easy/possible for somebody to do something.

Provide somebody with opportunities to


注意事项

主语不能过长。

 somebody是后面do something的逻辑主语。




句型八

Consider it necessary to do something

Feel the need to do something/ 

Find it difficult to do something/

Have difficulty in doing something


使用规则

Consider it necessary to do something固定表达,不需要加is




句型九

Somebody is likely/willing/unwilling/able /reluctant to do something


注意事项

不能说somebody is difficult/easy/possible to do something




句型十

Something play a vital/an important role in 

Something play a key part in 

Something form an important part of 

Something hold the key to something


注意事项

不能说play a vital role in somebody to do something




句型十一

Somebody lay emphasis ongive importance topay closer attention tofocus ongive priority to  /attach importance to something.


注意事项

这些to都是介词,后面只能加名词,或者动名词。





句型十二

make the most of, 

take advantage of, 

benefit from, 

reap benefits of, 

see the advantages of, 

make the optimal use of ….


注意事项

Take advantage of 有点贬义

Benefit from不能用被动





句型十三

result in, 

lead to, 

cause (动), 

is the cause of , 

related to,  

contribute to,

responsible for 


注意事项

后面加名词。

不能加动词、句子、或者[名词+动词]的结构





句型十四

make an effort to do, 

take steps to do, 

take measures to do., 

take action to do, 

spend time doing, 

invest time and effort in doing something..


注意事项

人或者机构才可以做这些动词的主语。




句型十五

Be seen/regarded/recognised/treated/ taken/deemed as..

Be famous/well-known for…



句型十六

One benefit/problem/advantage/disadvantage/drawback/reason is that ..


注意事项

一般用在段落首句



句型十七

gain an insight into, 

deepen their understanding of, 

have a good grasp of, 

learn more about, 

look closely at, 

gain an in-depth knowledge of, 

get familiar with


注意事项

不能说play a vital role in somebody to do something



句型十八

believe, argue, accept, think, agree, suggest, realise, know that




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